Abdominal Wall Hernias

Hernia is an abnormal exit of an organ through the wall of cavity it resides in, due to the high pressure that causes a disruption or opening in the fascia, or fibrous tissue, which forms the abdominal wall. It is possible for the bulge associated with a hernia to come and go, but the defect in the tissue will persist.


  • a bulge can often be seen and felt
  • pain
  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • fever

Increasing swelling causes vasoconstriction and gradual ischemia. In the absence of surgical intervention, this may lead to necrosis of the contents of the hernia sac. It is a life-threatening condition.

Hernia surgery

The surgical procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia. Larger hernias require general anesthesia. The closure of the abdominal wall defect, may involve bringing the patient’s own tissues closer or over or strengthening the abdominal wall by implanting a non-absorbable plastic mesh. The method of visual arts depends primarily on local conditions.


Post-operational complication including:

Rejection (swelling and pain) of mesh that was used during surgery

Untreated hernia may lead to:

  • Bowel obstruction
  • Strangulation
  • Inflammation
  • Hydrocele of the hernial sac
  • Hemorrhage
  • Autoimmune problems

Inguinal hernia 

Most common type of hernia, affects mostly men. . The hernia develops within the inguinal canal and, depending on the place of exit from the abdominal cavity, can be straight or oblique.

 Objawy: uwypuklenie w pachwinie wyczuwalne głównie w pozycji stojącej; ból, dyskomfort w okolicy pachwiny po wysiłku fizycznym, uciążliwym kaszlu lub wydaleniu stolca.

Femoral hernia

Occurs during pregnancy and birth. Due to its small size its very difficult to diagnose. A small bulge appears just below the groin.

Umbilical hernia 

Causes the navel to bulge outwards. Bulge consist of abdominal fat. Occurs mostly in obese women.


Md PhD Tomasz Śluzar - 10/3/18 14:30 - 10/3/18 16:00 - - -

The times are approximate and subject to change.